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Native American History

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Introduction

Different nations and civilizations across the world have come a long way with the majority of the society being influenced significantly by such events as migration and inevitable involvement with other groups of people. For example, Native Americans gradually migrated across the land and southward into Mexico and beyond while preserving the Indian values. Consequently they earned their name from Christopher Columbus who called them Indians and American Indians (Editors of Readers Digest, 1996).  In contemporary world these nations are called Native Americans and encompass a group of people who adjusted well to their states and made good use of all the accessible natural resources. For example, Sioux Indians were one of the Native American groups who came to North America from the continent of Asia (Townsend & Nicholas, 2010). Native Americans believed in respecting the land as it offered plenty of gifts for its worshippers. This paper therefore will develop a critical discussion regarding historical events and activities experienced by Native Americans during the period 1865 up-to-date and analyze how these events impacted the whole American history and the global society. The discussion will similarly involve the consequences of such events as the Alcatraz occupation and fighting of Native Americans for their right to possess natural resources. These facts gave birth to the independence of America and the world community. This essay also provides a brief description of tribal activities and explains their roles in the society and their influence on the behavior of the global population.

Fighting for Land, Identity, and Education

By the beginning of the 18 century, the majority of Native American who remained in California were forced, tricked, or waged to abandon their ancestral lands by the Europeans. Some of them opted to live on the scarce California reservations which were generated by the U.S. government in the beginning of 1890s, despite the U.S. government “allotment” program which took away Native Americans’ ancestral lands (Nies, 1996). Aftr all the challenges Native Americans faced during this period they gradually managed to learn civilized patterns of behavior. Native Americans and those who gradually got familiar with the society, laws, and government began organizing the struggle for Native American privileges to their land, religion, and education in the early 1900s along with the Europeans. The tussle for these rights has lingered for more than a century, as Native Americans all over the U.S. declined to accept the stereotypes about them and their culture, such as the people of their origin are of the past or are not living cultures at all (Weaver, 1997). This war for land placed them in better regions which were more productive. This event is clearly reflected globally through other continents, particularly Africa, whose nations fought the colonialists to set their lands free, for instance, the Ujamaa community that fought their land back from the German colonialists (Nies, 1996).

The Alcatraz Occupation

Alcatraz was a remote island in San Francisco Bay that comprised infertile soil, no supplies of drinking water and sparse food sources. In the 1960s, Alcatraz appeared to be the key issue in the Native American expanding history. The movement was called Red Power. The federal government began a new strategy that influenced the Indigenous tribes by the end of World War II. Meanwhile Eisenhower put in force the Indian Termination and Relocation Policy in an effort to break up the reservation system (Waldman, 1994). This police was aimed at eradicating of poverty and harsh living circumstances of Native Americans that lived in reservations. He wanted to gain his goal by involuntary citizenship and assimilation. Despite the fact that federal governments voted for Indian relationship termination they also focused on improvement of the economic status of Native Americans. It included tax collection and delivery of private property (Waldman, 1994). Nevertheless, Native Americans still considered themselves existing in underprivileged rural circumstances missing the social integration of ancestral life. The legacy of this occupation was a major achievement by Native Americans.

Native American rights movement

This event to some extent focused on the tautness between privileges approved by tribal authorities and rights that Indians recalled as U.S. citizens. The Native American rights movements’ listed request to have the U.S. administration honor agreement responsibilities it made with several independent Native American states. These groups spread beyond their national borders and contributed to the commencement of freedom movement in South Africa (Nies, 1996). These movements left behind progressive effects on Native and African Americans, and consequently in the present United States people from foreign countries gain various human rights such as right to own a property and voting right. Thus, these events have a great impact on the contemporary history.

Conclusion

The nature of a nation is usually explained by its historical activities, the way these activities resulted in the current social, economic, religious, and prevailing political environment of this group. The past of Native American involved numerous events some of which include the take-over of Alcatraz, “Longest walk”, Native American privileges association, as well as achieving Native American public privileges. The historical events did not only influence other communities in America, but also had an impact on other continents. The right to land, independence and rights to exercise democracy through casting votes are some of the goals that were gained as a result of transition of the Native Americans. The period of their movement to the recognition in the entire civilized world occupied the time period from 1865 up to date.

The history of Native Americans is diversified and complicated, as it involved the struggle of the tribes for the right to be humans in the existing society. The fact that these nations attained their goals and did not disappear in the wheels of history teaches the humankind a valuable lesson. It is significant for people to know the history of Native Americans as it gives multicultural understanding that could be applied to any situation.

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