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The Guitar

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The word guitar invokes in the present-day mind different picture of rock celebrities and million dollars twelve-monthly income, unbelievable solos and long-haired bassists in addition to energetic lead guitarists. The guitar is very ancient instrument. The history dates back over 4000 years. Different researches showed that ancestors of the guitar did not have any influence on the modern instrument. The earliest string instruments were found in Asia, India. According to researchers the ancient guitar was found 5000 years ago.

The guitar is probably originated in Spain nearly 16th century. The instrument was enormously small and had four “courses” (pair of strings). In the period of Renaissance, the guitar had no respect and was not popular.  I the Baroque period, the guitar began to attract the audience. Moreover, the fifth course was added. After some time, the players made some important changes. They replaced double strings by one string. Furthermore, instead of five pairs of strings appeared six strings. In the Classical period guitar became very popular and different compositions were written to play on this instrument. In addition, enormous quantity of the concerts took place in different cities.

One of the first guitar manufacturers was the Carulli. But, at last, guitar technology made its way to the U.S.A. in the 19th century by Charles Friedrich Martin. 

Therefore, the guitar technology paved a great way. The history of this instrument dates back nearly 4000 yeas. And just during the Classical period the guitar became popular and alike modern.

Among the greatest guitar performers are Jimi Hendrix and Robert Johnson. Jimi was famous for different things but he is known for his innovative guitar playing the most. He expanded a lot the vocabulary of guitar terms. Hendrix was a professional at blandishing all manners of unexpected from guitar.

Robert Johnson combined his perfect voice with guitar mastery. Never had blues investigated such a touching depth. Johnson possibly played all guitars he was able to get his hands on.  Before his death he gave an interview and said that his favorites were Kalamazoo and Stella guitars.
Hence, it is impossible not to mention such a perfect guitar masters as Jimi Hendrix and Robert Johnson who made a great impact on the guitar development.  

 Agustin Barrios Mangore is famous guitar composer who was born in Paraguay. His compositions were folk based, popular music or romantic. The composer was imitating Baroque and Romantic compositional styles. He is famous by religion works as “Una Limosna por el Amor de Dios”.

Heitor Villa-Lobos was very creative composer and a man of enthusiastic power. He was born in Brazil. He wrote four operas, twelve symphonies, five ballets, and one string quartet cycles of the 20th century. Heitor’s music is famous for its unusual sound palette and recognized originality, created by influence of Brazilian folk and the European classical music.>

To sum up the above information, everybody should be proud of these famous composers who made an innovation in the guitar music. They made a lot of things to develop guitar compositions and had founded new aspects of playing.

“Prelude No. 4 in E minor” by Heitor Villa-Lobos. This is a brilliant piece of music which is accompanied by a clear voice.

“Bagatelle No. 2” by William Walton. It is impulsive, mysterious, just about like a dream melody.

“Recuerdos de la Alhambra” by Francisco Tarrega. It is a classical music piece which is starting with regret feeling and after engross into enriching feelings.

“Capricho Arabe” by Francisco Tarrega has a form of dynamic character. It is hasty and virtuosic in nature.

“La Cathedral” by Agustin Barrios Mangore. This masterpiece shows a true worship of harmony and beauty.

These compositions are real masterpieces which are known mostly to everyone. Composers became enormously popular thanks to these pieces.

Guitar is not a traditional component of symphony orchestra. To tell the truth, composers sometimes include the guitar as a part of orchestra. For example: Rossini’s opera “The Barber of Seville” (“List of Operas by Rossini”), Stockhausen’s “Gruppen” and Louis Andriessen’s “De Staat”.

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